Premarin Opinion & Facts, References
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(for Ivy Greenwell opinion on Premarin)

Bhavnani BR. Pharmacokinets and pharmacodynamics of conjugated equine estrogens: chemistry and metabolism. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 1998; 217: 6-16.

Brinton RD et al. Equilin, a principal component of Premarin, increases the growth of cortical neurons via an NMDA receptor-independent mechanism. Exp Neurol 1997; 147:211-220.

McManus J et al. The effects of various estrogens and progestogens on the susceptibilitiy of lower-density lipoprotein to oxidation in vitro. Maturitas 1996; 25: 125-31.

Subbiah MTR et al. Antioxidant potencies of specific estrogens on lipid peroxides. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1993; 77: 1095-97.

Tang M et al. Superior and distinct antioxidant effects of selected estrogen metabolites on lipid peroxidation. Metabolism Clin Exp 1996; 45: 411-15.

Wilcox JG. Cardioprotective effects of individual conjugated equine estrogens through their possible modulation of insulin resistance and oxidation of low-density lipoprotein. Fertil Steril 1997; 67: 57-62.

Zumoff B. Alcohol, estrogens, and breast cancer. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1997; 82: 1656-58. (Research assistant for this article: Pamela Macon)



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